Included in this section:
- Anatomical Terms used in physiology and anatomy
- The Anatomical Position
- Axial and Appendicular bones
- Facial bones
- Cranial bones
- Function of bones
- Questions from the class
<< Use the links to the left to select a sub-section
The ITEC syllabus requires the following topics to be covered:
Understand and explain the function of the skeletal system
Supporting framework. Provides attachments for muscles. Forms joints to provide movement. Forms erythrocytes in the bone marrow. Stores calcium. Protects vital organs.
Understand and explain the structure of bone tissues
Understand and explain the types of bone
Long, Short, Flat, Irregular & Sesamoid.
Give examples of where in the body they would be found.
Understand and explain the position of the bones of the skeleton
Understand and explain different types of joints
Fixed, Slightly moveable, Freely moveable, Ball and socket, Hinge, Pivot, Gliding, Saddle.
Understand, recognise and give possible causes of postural deformities
Kyphosis, Lordosis, Scoliosis.
Understand the different fractures and their causes
Simple, Greenstick, Compound, Impacted, Complicated and Comminuted.
Understand, explain and recognise the symptoms, causes and effects of the following diseases and disorders of the Skeletal System
Osteoarthritis, Rhematoid arthritis, Gout, Osteoporosis and Stress (mental)