Diseases and Disorders
The following diseases and disorders apply to muscle and muscle tissue:
Lack of muscle tone.
Wasting of the muscle. This can occur as a result of
Inflamation (-itis) of the muscle (myo-)
Inflamation of the soft tissue around the muscle, such as lumbage and toticollis (the neck). It is the result of accumulation of lactate or urea.
Due to either the acute accumulation of lactate or the depletion of glycogen
Localised, involuntary, sustained contraction of skeletal muscle, caused by a lack of salt or dehydration or temperature change.
Sustained contraction often in response to pain.
Damage to ligaments due to a lever effect or stress, leading to inflamation.
Over-use of a muscle or tendon, damage to a sheath or tearing a muscle. Can be caused by injury.
Tear of muscle sheath or fascia.
Inhibitory nerve is not working. After being innervated, the muscles ability to inhibit the innervation is not present.
Physical or mental, leading to muscle tension.